PCG EMAIL SERVICES: AGFAX.COM - AgFax Southwest Cotton Report - September 17, 2014

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AGFAX.COM - AgFax Southwest Cotton Report - September 17, 2014

http://agfax.com/southwest-cotton/reports/2014/09172014-swcotton-web.htm

This is our final weekly issue of AgFax Southwest Cotton for 2014. Our 2 Harvest Survey issues will be emailed to subscribers later in the fall. Free subscription here.

Remember to bookmark agfax.com to keep up with the latest daily ag news.

We are very thankful to the Southwest Cotton Field Staff of FMC Corporation for their continued sponsorship. 

Thank you to all of the consultants, dealer representatives and Extension workers who take time to talk with us. We value your knowledge, opinions and experience. Without your gracious help this report would not be possible.
 

Larry Stalcup, AgFax Southwest Editor
Debra L. Ferguson, AgFax Media Managing Editor
Owen Taylor, AgFax Editorial Director

 
Here is this week's issue of AgFax Southwest Cotton, sponsored by the Southwest Cotton Field Staff of FMC Corporation.

OVERVIEW 

Wow! 4-bale dryland cotton is filling the pickers in parts of the Brazos Bottom. Big yields also are reported from the Upper Gulf Coast.

Northeast and southeast Panhandle are expecting some 3 to 4-bale irrigated yields, with help from a little more heat.

Aphids are still hanging out between Lubbock and Amarillo. Warm, dry weather is needed there and farther south, as fields strive to finish. Lateness has been a factor all season, and "a lot of this crop will go until the first freeze" without fully maturing, says consultant James Powell, Lubbock.

Resistant pigweed plans for 2015 need to be put in place sooner than later, advises Wayne Keeling, Texas AgriLife. Shortages of chemicals promising resistance control are anticipated.

Kansas growers are optimistic about the crop but there's still plenty of 2,4-D drift damage in the southwest part of the state.  

 
Upcoming Events:

Oklahoma: Peanut and Cotton Field Tour, Fort Cobb, September 23

Texas: Randall County Ag Show and Crops Tour, Canyon, September 23  

Texas: Peanut Tour in Pearsall, September 25. More info: 830-334-0099.

 

CROP REPORTS  

John Idowu, New Mexico State University Extension Cotton Specialist, Las Cruces: "We're still getting rain and more is in the forecast. There was flooding over the weekend in Eddy County in southeastern New Mexico.

"The cotton looks good and bolls are filling. So far there are still no problems. We hope that the rain has stopped by the time bolls start opening. We will probably start harvest in late October and into November. It looks like it should be a good crop."

James Powell, Powell Ag Consulting, Lubbock: "We will start defoliation in about 2 weeks. But a lot of this crop will go until the first freeze. It's not going to be ready, and this cool, wet September has not helped.  
 
"We have escaped any major disease situations, although there is some verticillium wilt on a few farms. Overall, we have some really good cotton and some not so good cotton. We're looking at an average crop. We got the rains, but at the wrong time for a lot of folks.

"I'm pretty well through with fungicide treatments for peanuts. Those who needed foliar disease treatments made the applications. It's about $4 per acre for some of these fungicides. That's pretty cheap insurance. One of my farmers will probably start digging the middle of next week. There are decisions to be made as to whether we wait until peanuts are 80% mature to obtain higher grades, or go ahead and dig for higher yields."

Wayne Keeling, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Weed Specialist, Lubbock: "Growers have worked hard to control pigweed but it seems like there's still a lot going to seed. It's not insurmountable, but will take input of dollars and chemicals.  

"In preparation for 2015, the offseason gives everyone time to reflect on what they did this year, how well it worked and didn't work. They should plan to use residuals in their herbicide program to hopefully do a better job. There will be limited amounts of Xtend with Dicamba tolerance available. The Dow Enlist system is looking at 2016. The message in winter meetings will be that we still have to maneuver through next year with current technology.

Ayman Mostafa, University of Arizona Entomologist, Maricopa, Pima and Pinal Counties: "With the big rain in many production areas and terminated plants, cotton crops are less affected by whiteflies. The rain also eased some of the sticky cotton in some areas of heavy infestation with whiteflies. Maintenance applications against whiteflies are going out to avoid stickiness.

"Alfalfa cutting continues and farmers still report that there are some heavy infestations of leafhoppers and caterpillars. Treatments are being made for these insects. Some growers have started seeding for a new stand of alfalfa. Some sorghum silage is being harvested."

Mark Kelley, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Cotton Specialist, Lubbock: "The crop continues to develop. I know it's a broken record, but we just need more heat units. It's been cloudy early this week so there isn't much plant development.  

"It's still too early for defoliating, but it's just around the corner. Everyone is pretty much finished with irrigation. I haven't heard of any late year disease issues.

"We're going to be close to average on yields this year. The average yield is about 600 pounds per acre for Texas."

Jaime Lopez, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Agent, Frio County: "Our cotton turned out really well. We averaged about 3 bales. There is still some late cotton out there. We had some rain this week, but the majority is harvested. It has been a good crop for our farmers.

"Our peanuts are looking good and finally got some rain on them. I hope it doesn't cause any disease pressure. The early stuff is at about 130 days -- 10 to 14 days from digging. Around 90% of our peanuts are high oleic runners.   

"Our annual area peanut tour is Sept. 25 in Pearsall. Farmers can call our office for more information at 830-334-0099."

Blayne Reed, Texas A&M AgriLife IPM Agent, Hale and Swisher Counties: "Probably like everyone else, we need the sun to shine and finish this crop out. Nearly all of the fruit set at once, so it should mature all at once. If it has been managed properly, the cotton should not be hurt by an early freeze. 

"We picked up some scattered areas of cotton aphids 2 weeks ago. Predators cleaned them up pretty well. But we'll keep an eye on them when we get ready for defoliation.   

"Corn is still looking good. We've started harvesting corn silage and some grain fields are getting close. Some late sorghum also needs heat units and more rain. White sugarcane aphid is here in small pockets. It's a little late in the season for much of a problem. I'm also still worried about the yellow sugarcane aphids in sorghum."  

Gaylon Morgan, Texas A&M AgriLife State Cotton Specialist, College Station: "Harvest is going well in the Blacklands. But since they caught rain recently, they will be out of the field until the later part of the week.
 
"Yields have been variable. Some have been excellent. Some dryland in the Brazos Bottom has hit 3.5 to 4 bales. Similar yields of 3-plus bales are coming out of the Upper Gulf Coast. Scattered showers have slowed some of the Upper coast harvest.  

"In the Rolling Plains, they've caught some rain that should help the crop. There is some concern with cool fronts. I think the dryland will make a crop. The irrigated needs more time and heat. If they can just buy a little more time before they get frost, it will help those guys.

"Most people will be pleased with what we have, assuming we can get the crop out. Overall it's a good year for these guys."   

Stu Duncan, KSU Crops & Soils Specialist, Manhattan, Kansas: "Guys still seem to be optimistic. The cotton is pretty much caught up, but the cool weather may have slowed it down again. They're looking for a little bump up from last year except where they had 2, 4-D drift damage. I was in the southwest last week and there is still way too much drift damage.

"There were areas where guys went through dry stretches. Overall, it's not a bale-buster year, but it still looks like a steady crop.

"For soybeans, we're seeing some charcoal rot, and growers need to keep an eye on that."

Chuck Wilbur, Independent Crop Consultant, Wellington, Texas/Southeastern Panhandle/Southwestern Oklahoma: "We're at 10 to 20% open bolls, on average, with a lot of hard bolls in the top. The dryland crop looks kind of average but it's hard to tell. We missed the August rains. We probably need 200 more heat units on the earlier cotton to condition it for defoliation. 

"The irrigated looks good and is slightly above average. There won't be a lot of 2,000-pound cotton. But where there was adequate water and good management, there is some 4-bale cotton. 

"We're worried about the market and the low prices. It's typical. If you make a big crop there's a big supply and the price comes down.

"Our peanuts are probably 50% black layer. We're one week to 10 days away from the beginning of harvest. It looks like we will have pretty good yields. The moisture came at the right time for peanuts and the disease pressure has been light."

Randy Boman, OSU Cotton Research Director, Cotton Extension Program Leader, Altus, Oklahoma: "We blew through those 50-degree temperatures last Saturday morning. I don't think that was cold enough to affect our continued maturity. We have some good temperatures in the forecast.  

"The cotton I've seen on our crop tours looks pretty good, but we may not be as blessed as last year's yields were. Northern areas like Hydro will probably run out the clock on maturity. In the southwestern part of the state, rains were late. Still, if we can get the fruit at the top to fruit-out on dryland, we'll have a yield that's worth taking to the gin.  

"We have hurricane-related rainfall forecast to come in from Baja, Mexico. It's a little late for finishing up cotton, but we can use the rain in this country for the winter crops, like canola. It's crunch time for getting canola planted. More rain would be good for heading into the next year."

Justin Neusch, Crop Quest Consulting, Spearman, Texas: "The crop is looking pretty good in the northeastern Panhandle. It's setting bolls at the top and little bolls on the edge are starting to open up. There is some good dryland -- some will make a bale. Most everything will be worth stripping. For irrigated, I'm thinking the 3-bale range, with some 3.5 to 4 bales.

"Quality should be good. If we can get 10 days of sunshine and decent temperatures, we will be right on track. We'll likely start defoliating after October 1, depending on the weather.      

"Corn is maturing out and we're starting to see some black layer. We're 10 days to 2 weeks from harvest. Milo is finishing out and the majority of it is at hard dough. A lot of dryland wheat has been planted to take advantage of the moisture we've had." 


 

AgFax Southwest Cotton is published and distributed by AgFax Media, LLC.  AgFax Media crop newsletters include: AgFax Midsouth Cotton; AgFax Southeast Cotton; AgFax Southwest Cotton; AgFax Peanuts; AgFax Rice; AgFax Southern Grain; AgFax West, AgFax Almonds, AgFax Updates. Owen Taylor, Editorial Director, and Debra L. Ferguson, Agfax Managing Editor, AgFax Media LLC, 142 Westlake Drive, Brandon, MS 39047, dferguson at agfax.com, Office: 601-992-9488.  ©2014 AgFax Media, LLC.  

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